Antenatal steroids timing

In boys, testicular enlargement is the first physical manifestation of puberty (and is termed gonadarche ). [27] Testes in prepubertal boys change little in size from about 1 year of age to the onset of puberty, averaging about 2–3 cm in length and about –2 cm in width. The size of the testicles is among the parameters of the Tanner scale for male genitals , from stage I which represents a volume of less than ml, to stage V which represents a testicular volume of greater than 20 ml. Testicular size reaches maximal adult size about 6 years after the onset of puberty. After the boy's testicles have enlarged and developed for about one year, the length and then the breadth of the shaft of the penis will increase and the glans penis and corpora cavernosa will also start to enlarge to adult proportions. [28] While 18–20 cm 3 is an average adult size, there is wide variation in testicular size in the normal population. [29]

Hi. I'm not pregnant but am asking a question on behalf of my daughter. She is being monitored very closely as we were told 4 weeks ago that baby is a "bit on the small side". She is 32 weeks 4 days pregnant & baby hasn't put any weight on/ grown since her last scan two weeks ago. She weighs . At her scan yesterday they also told her that her baby's lungs were under developed and she had a steroid injection with another planned for today. She has a elected for a planned c - section because she suffered pelvic & serious head injuries in a car crash years ago so the consultant is playing safe. I've read about steroid injections preventing early labour with some ladies but so far my daughter hasn't shown any sign of early labour. Just wondered if any one had had a similar issue but went on ti go full term & if the steroids worked etc
Sorry for the long post but we weren't even sure my daughter could conceive so everyday she carries my grand daughter is a little miracle. Zx

There were few systematic studies of timing of menarche before the later half of the 20th century. Most older estimates of average timing of menarche were based on observation of a small homogeneous population not necessarily representative of the larger population, or based on recall by adult women, which is also susceptible to various forms of error. Most sources agree that the average age of menarche in girls in modern societies has declined, though the reasons and the degree remain subjects of controversy. From the sixth to the fifteenth centuries in Europe, most women reached menarche on average at about 14, between the ages of 12 and 15. [24] A large North American survey reported only a 2-3 month decline from the mid-1970s to the mid-1990s. [25] A 2011 study found that each 1 kg/m 2 increase in childhood body-mass index (BMI) can be expected to result in a % higher absolute risk of early menarche (before age 12 years). [26]

Antenatal steroids timing

antenatal steroids timing

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