Ecdysterone was tested in another study performed in 1986 by Smetanin. For this research, 117 highly trained speed skaters between the ages of 18 and 28 were tested for work capacity, body weight, lung capacity and VO 2 max. The results speak for themselves: all of the said parameters increased as well as an increase in the O 2 pulse max and an increase in the exhalation of CO 2 . Basically, they received more oxygen to their cells! This equates to decreasing recovery time, maximizing performance, permitting optimal muscle anabolism and maximum fat reduction. It also means the athletes using ecdysterone compared to those on a placebo experienced increased stamina, endurance and energy.