The number of athletes self-administering ergogenic pharmacological agents to increase their competitive edge continues to be a problem. Most athletes using anabolic steroids (AS) have acquired a crude pharmacological database regarding these drugs. Their opinions regarding steroids have been derived from their subjective experiences and anecdotal information. For this reason, traditional warnings regarding the lack of efficacy and potential dangers of steroid misuse are disregarded. A common widely held opinion among bodybuilders is that the anabolic steroid experts are the athletic gurus who for years have utilised themselves as the experimental participants and then dispensed their empirical findings. This review will address the common anabolic steroid misconceptions held by many of today's athletes by providing an evaluation of the scientific literature related to AS in athletic performance.
Steroids are beneficial for those people who use them correctly. However, professional athletes are abusing these steroids, to get stronger by taking a synthetic version called an anabolic steroids, which is 10 to 100 times stronger than the doses prescribed to treat medical conditions. These steroids are dangerous, and often have irreversible and negative health and emotional effects like high blood pressure, heart disease, liver damage, cancer, stroke, blood clots, urinary problems, nausea, acne on the face and body, anxiety and panic attacks, aggressive behavior, and severe mood swings. Males experience a reduce in sperm count, impotence, shrinking of the testicles, breast development, and an enlarged prostate gland. Females experience a reduction in breast size, enlarged clitoris, an increase in facial and body hair, deepened voice, and menstrual problems. Even with these severe side effects athletes still choose to take steroids.